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What is Slovakia

StefanMarcus aurelius

A literate European of the 16th and 17th century knew the sites situated in present Slovakia – towns, forts, mines, mineral springs – better than an educated European of the 21st century. It must be noted that this area was, since the end of the 10th century until 1918, part of the Kingdom of Hungary. World languages (German, English, French) do not differentiate between the historical Hungary and the present Republic of Hungary - Magyarországh. The Kingdom of Hungary was composed of various regions (Pannonia, Upper Hungary, Bihar, Transylvania, Croatia, Slavonia, etc.) and it was inhabited by several nations. Indigenous people in this area were the Slavs – Slovaks, Serbs, Croatians and Ruthenians. Only later, Hungarians, Italians, Jews moved in, as well as German-speaking “guests”, who were invited by kings from Saxony,

Swabia, and Tyrol in the 13th century, and Wallachians invited in the 15th century. Together, they were the inhabitants of the Kingdom of Hungary. (Similarly, nowadays Belgian citizens Flemish and Walloons live in the state named Belgium). In 1918, the Slovaks with the Czechs formed Czechoslovakia and since 1993 Slovakia has been an independent state.

Slovakia is thus an important heir of various cultural monuments of the former Kingdom of Hungary. Of course, also of the older monuments from the prehistoric period, the Roman period, the Migration Period, the Slavic Principality of Nitra and the Great Moravian Empire in the 8th and 9th centuries. Noteworthy are also the recent architectural monuments and artworks of the Slovak modern art of the 20th century.